Bdikat Ḥametz

BedikasChametzThursday, March 29 9:00 pm to midnight — Bdikat ḥametz is a ceremony of searching for leavened bread, instituted in order to ensure that not even the smallest particle of ḥametẓ remains in the house during Passover. The biblical injunction, “Even the first day shall ye put away leaven out of your house” (Ex. 12:15), was interpreted by the rabbis as referring to the eve of Passover, i.e., the 14th of Nisan. The ceremony of bdikat ḥametẓ takes place on the 13th of Nisan (or the 12th if the 13th should be on a Friday). It follows the Ma’ariv prayer immediately after nightfall and before any other kind of activity is undertaken. The ceremony is preceded by the blessing: “Blessed art Thou O Lord our God, King of the Universe, Who hast sanctified us by Thy commandments and commanded us concerning the removal of the leaven.”

By the light of a wax candle, with a wooden spoon and a whisk made of several chicken or goose feathers tied together, the master of the house searches every corner in the house for stray crumbs. Every room into which ḥametẓ may have been brought during the past year has to be searched. Since a blessing must never be recited without good reason, a few crumbs of bread are deliberately left on window sills and in other obvious places. The ceremony of bdikat ḥametz takes precedence even over the study of Torah on that evening. If the husband is not available, the ceremony has to be performed by the wife or another member of the family.

The kabbalistic school of R. Isaac Luria hid ten pieces of bread for bdikat ḥametz. Leaven to the mystics symbolized the ferment of base desires and evil impulses which had to be purged. Upon completion of bdikat ḥametz, the leaven collected is put away in a safe place and the master of the house recites these words: “May all leaven that is in my possession, which I have not observed, searched out or had cognizance of, be regarded as null and be common property, even as the dust of the earth.” On the morning of the 14th of Nisan, no later than 10 A.M., the leaven is burned and a similar Aramaic formula is recited. This observance is called Bi’ur ḥametz – the removal or the burning of ḥametz. The laws concerning bdikat ḥametz are codified in Shulḥan Arukh (OḤ 431 to 445).

From Encyclopedia Judaica



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Fast of Firstborns (Siyyum Bekhorim)

Firstborn Passover (f14v) s Friday, March 30 at 8 am — If you are a firstborn, it is incumbent upon you to fast on Erev Pesaḥ as a sign of thanksgiving for the sparing of your ancestral peers. Also, for those who are not firstborn but have an oldest child who is not yet old enough to fast, it is appropriate for you to fast on their behalf.

Instead of fasting, you may join us at the synagogue on Friday, March 30 at 8 am for davening and a wonderful siyyum to follow. What is a siyyum you ask? A siyyum is a completion of a considerable amount of Torah learning. The completion of a tractate or an order of Mishnah mandates a special celebration where some of the beautiful pieces of learning are shared – and of course you cannot have a Jewish celebration without food – so food is a central component of the siyyum.

According to Jewish law, the joy of a siyyum takes precedent over the fast of the firstborn – so if you are a firstborn and want to avoid this fast, come to the siyyum, have some breakfast and enjoy some great learning.

Pesaḥ Market Dates and Hours – Update

Pesach Market - photo

Pesaḥ Market Open on the following dates/times:

  • Tuesday, March 13         4 – 8 pm
  • Wednesday, March 14   4 – 8 pm
  • Thursday, March 15       4 – 8 pm
  • Friday, March 16            10 – 2pm
  • Sunday, March 18          10 – 2 pm

Market Date(s) for the week of March 20:  To Be Announced

  • Congregation Emanu-El Hebrew School Fundraiser
  • Come and Support our Students
  • A wide selection of Kosher for Passover Dry Goods & Frozen Food

Congregation Emanu-El Hebrew School apologizes for any inconvenience the changes to our schedule may have caused.

The Pesaḥ Market is appreciates volunteer assistance. If you would like to help, please contact Chanah.

Passover Times at a glance

  • Thursday, April 21, 9:00 pm–midnight: Checking
    and removal of ḥametz /bdikatḥametz
  • Friday, April 22, 8:00 am: Completion
    of Learning instead of Fast of First Borns (Siyyum Bekhorim)
  • Friday, April 22, 10:45 am: Latest
    time ḥametz is permitted to be eaten 
  • Friday, April 22, noon: deadline for bi’ur ḥametz (burning
    of ḥametz)
  • Friday, April 22, 6:30 pm: Communal
    Seder at Emanu-El  

  • Saturday, April 23: Passover
    Day 1; Shabbat services 9:00 am
  • Sunday, April 24: Passover
    Day 2; Festival services 9:00 am
  • Friday, April 29: Passover
    Day 7; Festival services 9:00 am
  • Saturday, April 30: Passover
    Day 8; 9:00 am Shabbat services (Yizkor)
  • Saturday, April 30, 9:18 pm: Havdalah
    Motzei Shabbat
    and ḥag (Return to ḥametz)

Ways to enhance the family home Seder

  1. Create a process that leads up to Pesaḥ. Read
    stories about the holiday, take your children shopping with you. If you have
    special Pesaḥ dishes and ritual items, have your children involved in taking
    them out, polishing them and anticipating their use. If you are not at that
    stage in your religious life—change something in your house. Buy or make a
    new special Passover ritual item—a cup for Elijah or Miriam, a Seder Plate… Teach your children some of your family special recipes or if you do not
    have any, ask another congregant to lend you one—or retrieve one from a
    cookbook.
  2. Discuss the Seder as a family, giving
    a role to everyone who is participating. Talk about what you might want guests
    to prepare so they too can participate in a creative way.
  3. Eat
    something more substantial than parsley when you eat your karpas (the
    greens at the Seder). With the blessing for karpas you can eat
    all sorts of vegetables. Make a tray of veggies and dips – in our home, we like
    to have artichokes. Keep away the hunger so you can play and experience. No one
    needs to ask “When are we going to eat?”
  4. Check out multiple haggadot. The key
    is to experience the Exodus. Look on the internet for activities to bring to
    your Seder.
  5. Return to
    the Seder after the meal. There are wonderful songs available for this
    stage of the Seder. Ransom the afikoman. If you have a bunch of
    children at your Seder, have afikoman presents for all so that
    they will be busy playing and let the adults have some Passover time.  
  6. Be
    flexible.  Consider holding part of the Seder
    in the living room on pillows.
  7. Add personal
    memories or contemporary issues to table talk.
  8. Incorporate
    some act of tzdakah into your Passover traditions and preparations.
  9. Research and
    explore different Pesaḥ traditions and incorporate them into your Seder.

Help make our Seder happen!

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Here is our revised timetable for seder preparation assistance. 

Week, April 11th: Prepare kitchen for cleaning and koshering. If you can help during this week, please email Aaron Severs and/or Elisheva Gray:

  • Sunday, April 17th – kashering kitchen
  • Tuesday, April 19th @ 3pm – table set up
  • Wednesday, April 20th morning – vegetable prep.
  • Thursday, April 21st all day – vegetable prep
  • Friday, April 22nd – afternoon setting up and service

If you can help with the above, please email Ruthi (aka Lesley)

Thank you to all those who have already volunteered!